It's not going to be consistent across a brand, either.
For instance, some Logitech models, the headphone connection is just a pass-through, where on others, it does run off the speaker's amp (and the volume is controlled by the speaker's controls).
It's not something you can figure out by looking at the specs, either.
Intel 4790K & Scythe Kotetsu | MSI Z97 PC Mate | 16GB DDR3L | Boot drive: Crucial 250GB BX100
Gigabyte 750ti | Xonar DG | Fractal Design R4 w/3x Noctua NF-P14s Redux 1200 PWM | Rosewill Capstone 450M