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Mondos
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PacMan Game Help Needed

Fri May 13, 2011 4:41 pm

I am trying to make PacMan from strach in Java. I am going to have a lot of questions throughout so I am using this thread to do so :) .

My first question is: How do I set the "=" assignment for a class I made(Location class). So basically I can say
Location loc = loc2 // loc2 is also a Location
. I want loc2 to contain the same x,y coordinates of loc. What method do I override to change how "=" reacts?

I could also use tips on improving my code.
Here is my code so far:

Location Class
public class Location{
   private int row, col;
   public static final int RIGHT = 0, LEFT = 180, UP = 90, DOWN = 270;
   
   public Location(int r, int c){
      row = r;
      col = c;
   }
   
   public Location (Location loc) {
       row = loc.getRow();
       col = loc.getCol();
   }
   public int getRow(){
      return row;
   }
   public int getCol(){
      return col;
   }
   
   public void set(int i, int x){
      row = i;
      col = x;
   }

}

Grid Class
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.util.ArrayList;

public class Grid{
   private static ArrayList<Ghost> enemies;
   private static Pacman Player;
   private static ArrayList<Dot> food;
   private static Container pane;
   private static int index;
   private JFrame game;
   public Grid()
      {
         enemies = new ArrayList<Ghost>();
         game = new JFrame();
         game.setResizable(false);
         game.setTitle("Pac-Man 2.0");
         game.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(1000, 450));
         game.setBackground(Color.BLACK);
         food = new ArrayList<Dot>();
         Player = new Pacman();
         int row = 10, col = 25;
         index = 0;
         game.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
         pane = game.getContentPane();
         pane.setBackground(Color.white);
            pane.setLayout(new GridLayout(row, col, 0, 0));
            for(int i = 0; i < row; i++)
            {
               for(int a = 0; a < col; a++)
               {
               if(getGrid()[i][a] == 0){
                  //Adding Dot Images to Grid
                  Dot d = new Dot();
                  d.setLocation(new Location(i, a));
                  food.add(d);
                   pane.add(new JLabel(d.getImage()));
               }
               
                           
                  else
                     //Adding Boundery Images to Grid
                  pane.add(new JLabel(new ImageIcon("Wall.gif")));
                              
                  }
               
            }
            game.pack();
           
        }
       
        private static int[][] getGrid(){
           //Creating Layout of grid
           int[][] gr = {{1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1},
                    {1,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,0,0,0,1,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
                     {1,0,1,1,1,0,1,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,1,1,1,0,1,0,1},
                     {1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
                     {1,0,1,1,1,0,1,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,1,1,1,1,0,0,1,0,1},
                     {1,0,1,1,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,1},
                     {1,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,1,1,1,1,1,0,1,0,1},
                     {1,0,1,1,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,1},
                    {1,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,0,0,0,1,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1},
                     {1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1}};
           return gr;
        }
       
        public ArrayList<Ghost> getActors(){
           return enemies;
        }
       
        public Pacman getPac()
        {
           return Player;
        }
       
        public static void move(int direction)
        {
           Location nw = new Location(getLocationInDirection(direction, Player.getLocation()));
           Location old = new Location(Player.getLocation());
           if(isValid(nw))
           {
              int num = (old.getRow() * 25) + old.getCol();
              removeIt(old);
              moveTo(nw);
              Player.setLocation(nw);
           }
              
        }
       
        public static void move(int direction, Ghost g)
        {
           Location nw = new Location(getLocationInDirection(direction, g.getLocation()));
           Location old = new Location(g.getLocation());
           if(isValid(nw))
           {
              int num = (old.getRow() * 25) + old.getCol();
              removeIt(old);
              pane.add(new JLabel(new ImageIcon("dot.gif")), num);
              moveTo(nw, g.index);
              enemies.get(g.index).setLocation(nw);
           }
               
        }
       
        private static boolean isValid(Location loc)
        {
           //Checks if location is a wall
           int r = loc.getRow(), c = loc.getCol();
           if(getGrid()[r][c] == 0) return true;

           return false;
        }
       
       
       
        public static void moveTo(Location x)
        {
           //moves pacman to location
           for(int i = 0; i < food.size(); i++)
              if(food.get(i).getLocation().equals(x))
                 food.remove(i);
           if(isValid(x))
           {
             int num = (x.getRow() * 25) + x.getCol();
           pane.remove(num);
           pane.add(new JLabel(Player.getImage()), num);
           Player.setLocation(x);
         }

        }
       
        public static void moveTo(Location x, int value)
        {
           //Moves ghost to location
           if(isValid(x))
           {
             int num = (x.getRow() * 25) + x.getCol();
             pane.remove(num);
           pane.add(new JLabel(enemies.get(value).getImage()), num);
           enemies.get(value).setLocation(x);
         }
        }
       
        public static void addGhost(Location x)
        {
           //Adds Ghost into game
           Ghost g = new Ghost();
           g.setLocation(x);
           g.setIndex(index);
           index++;
           enemies.add(g);
        }
       
        public static void removeIt(Location loc)
        {
           int num = (loc.getRow() * 25) + loc.getCol();
           pane.remove(num);
           pane.add(new JLabel(new ImageIcon("Floor.gif")), num);
        }
       
        public void show()
        {
           //Displays Grid
           game.setVisible(true);
        }
       
        public static Location getLocationInDirection(int d, Location b)
        {
           if(d == Location.RIGHT)
              return new Location(b.getRow(), b.getCol() + 1);
           else if(d == Location.LEFT)
              return new Location(b.getRow(), b.getCol() - 1);
           else if(d == Location.UP)
              return new Location(b.getRow() - 1, b.getCol());
           else if(d == Location.DOWN)
              return new Location(b.getRow() + 1, b.getCol());
           else return null;   
        }

       
       /* public ArrayList<Location> getNeighbors(Location loc)
        {
           ArrayList<Location> locs = new ArrayList<Location>();
           if(isValid(new Location(loc.getRow() -1, loc.getCol())))
              locs.add(new Location(loc.getRow() -1, loc.getCol()));
           if(isValid(new Location(loc.getRow() + 1, loc.getCol())))
              locs.add(new Location(loc.getRow() +1, loc.getCol()));
           if(isValid(new Location(loc.getRow(), loc.Col() + 1)))
              locs.add(new Location(loc.getRow(), loc.Col() + 1));
           if(isValid(new Location(loc.getRow(), loc.Col() - 1)))
              locs.add(new Location(loc.getRow(), loc.Col() - 1));

        }
        */
       
}


Players Class
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;

public class Players{
   public Players(){
   
   }
}

PacMan Class
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;

public class Pacman extends Players
{
   private Location loc;
   private int life;
   public Pacman()
   {
      life = 0;
      loc = new Location(-1,-1);
   }
   
   public ImageIcon getImage()
   {
      return new ImageIcon("pac.png");
   }
   

   public Location getLocation(){
      return loc;
   }
   
   public void setLocation(Location k)
   {
      loc.set(k.getRow(), k.getCol());
   }
      
}


Ghost Class
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.util.ArrayList;


public class Ghost extends Players
{
   private Location loc;
   public Ghost()
   {
   }
   
   public void setLocation(Location k)
   {
      loc.set(k.getRow(), k.getCol());
   }
      
   
   public void getLocation()
   {
      return loc;
   }
   
   public ImageIcon getImage()
   {
      return new ImageIcon("Ghost.gif");
   }
}


PacRunner Class
public class PacRunner
{
   public static void main (String[] args)
   {
      Grid gr = new Grid();
      Pacman a = new Pacman();
      gr.add(new Ghost());
      gr.add(a, new Location(5,1));
      gr.move(Location.UP, a);
      gr.show();
   }
}


Mover Class **Ignore the act() method for now
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.EventObject;
import java.awt.event.KeyEvent;
import java.awt.Event;



public class Mover
{
   Grid test;
   public Mover(Grid gr)
   {
      test = gr;
   }
   
  public boolean keyUp(Event e, int key)
  {
    if (key == Event.LEFT) test.move(Location.LEFT);
    if (key == Event.RIGHT) test.move(Location.RIGHT);
    if (key == Event.UP) test.move(Location.UP);
    if (key == Event.DOWN) test.move(Location.DOWN);
    return true;
  }

   
   public void act(Grid gr)
   {
      while(true)
      {
         Pacman temp = new Pacman();
           temp.setLocation(gr.getPac().getLocation());
         for(Ghost x: gr.getActors()){
              int r1 = temp.getLocation().getRow(), r2 = x.getLocation().getRow(),
              c1 = temp.getLocation().getCol(), c2 = x.getLocation().getCol();
              if(r2 < r1)
              {
                 gr.move(Location.RIGHT, x);
              }
              if(c2 < c1)
              {
                 gr.move(Location.UP, x);
              }
              if(c2 > c1)
              {
                 gr.move(Location.DOWN, x);
              }
           
              if(r2 > r1)
              {
                 gr.move(Location.LEFT, x);
              }
         }
      }
   }
   
}


Thanks!
Last edited by Mondos on Wed May 18, 2011 6:50 pm, edited 2 times in total.
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lonleyppl
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Posts: 380
Joined: Wed Jan 26, 2011 2:59 pm

Re: PacMan Game Help Needed

Fri May 13, 2011 8:53 pm

Modified GridWorld (AP CompSci thing)?

Anyways, quick look at the location thing made me think of a few things. If you're trying to create a new variable loc2 with the same attributes as loc you may want to avoid using an =. Typically this just tells the program to look at the same memory location for each variable, so when you modify one you end up changing both (though I may be wrong).
Personally, I'd try
Location loc2 = new Location(loc.getRow(), loc.getCol());
'
You should also probably add the default constructor for the Location class as it's always a handy thing to have.
Dunno though. Didn't take much time to look at your code and didn't really thing too much on it, so my suggestions may not be useful at all.
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Mondos
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Posts: 440
Joined: Thu May 22, 2008 4:33 pm

Re: PacMan Game Help Needed

Fri May 13, 2011 9:52 pm

I was afraid that I would have to do that way. I guess I will, thanks.

I am using GridWorld as a reference but am trying to make it from scratch.
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emorgoch
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Re: PacMan Game Help Needed

Sat May 14, 2011 9:41 am

Could always go with a secondary constructor to.
public Location (Location loc) {
    row = loc.getRow();
    col = loc.getCol();
}

Then create new ones passing in the old location.
Location loc2 = new Location (loc1);
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Mondos
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Topic Author
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Re: PacMan Game Help Needed

Sun May 15, 2011 4:55 pm

Ok. So I have the move method working in Grid, it moves the pacman. But how do I bring it all together so I can move the pacman with the keyboard keys?

I just don't know which class to put the methods in.
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ShadowTiger
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Re: PacMan Game Help Needed

Tue May 17, 2011 3:31 pm

As with most tasks... its best NOT to start from scratch.

A simple google search reveals multiple places where you could download existing pacman code... I would suggest using it as a base and modifying it. If thats not your style, then you could at least see how they did stuff and replicate it when you get stuck.
 
Mondos
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Topic Author
Posts: 440
Joined: Thu May 22, 2008 4:33 pm

Re: PacMan Game Help Needed

Wed May 18, 2011 6:53 pm

The only source code I could find was using an applet (i am using a GUI). I did manage to get some code from it though, for the key movement, though they aren't working. I put them in the new Mover class. I call it via PacRunner:
public class PacRunner
{
   public static void main (String[] args)
   {
      
      Grid gr = new Grid();
      Pacman a = new Pacman();
      gr.addGhost(new Location(1,1));
      gr.moveTo(new Location(4,1));
      gr.moveTo(new Location(1,1), 0);
      Mover m = new Mover(gr);
      gr.show();
      //m.act(gr);

   }
}


I put the code for the moving int he KeyUp method in Mover. It just doesn't work, nothing happens. Help is much appreciated, really. :D
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