Asus’ Xonar U3 USB audio device

Manufacturer Asus
Model Xonar U3
Price (Street) $40
Availability Now

Of all the products I’ve reviewed for TR in the last year, Asus’ Xonar DG has to be one of my favorites. We’ve long lauded the benefits of discrete sound cards for anyone with an appreciation for high-fidelity audio, and the DG is a pretty exceptional example of the breed. The card couples superb analog output quality with Dolby speaker virtualization technology and a shockingly low $30 asking price, making it the best bargain in PC audio since the Chaintech AV-710. No wonder this Editor’s Choice winner has become a new staple of our TR System Guide.

Although the Xonar DG is a no-brainer for anyone still using the analog audio jacks on their motherboard, you’ll need a free PCI slot to add one to a system. That rules out some configurations, including small-form-factor HTPCs and gaming rigs. Notebooks can’t play, either, and their built-in audio can be particularly poor. So, when Asus described its latest Xonar U3 as a USB version of the DG, you can understand why we got a bit excited.

At 3.1″ x 1.2″ x 0.57″, the U3 is small enough to be a choking hazard. The thing weighs just 25 grams, making it barely noticeable in your pocket. I wouldn’t have minded something a little heavier, though. When combined with the plastic body, the lightweight U3 feels a little, well, cheap.

Maybe that’s my disdain for glossy plastics talking. Or maybe it’s the U3’s around $40 asking price. In any case, the shiny black finish is yet another fingerprint magnet, and it comes from a company that we thought had learned its lesson with notebooks. A textured or matte exterior would be far more appropriate for something that’s likely to be handled with frequency. If I had my way, the U3 would be wrapped in a sturdy layer of brushed metal.

The U3 does have a flash of aesthetic flair in the form of two LED-backlit accent grills. Thankfully, the blue LEDs glow softly when the U3 is plugged in, and the grill diffuses much of the light they emit. No blinding here.

Want a hint about how good the U3 sounds? I couldn’t bear to fracture the plastic body to snap pictures of the hardware inside. The underlying audio processor is an Asus UA100 based on a C-Media chip. Every Xonar we’ve seen has used variations of C-Media silicon, and this particular example has been tuned to Asus’ specifications. Among the modifications: a little extra “pop” for vocals and percussion, an attribute we found quite pleasing to the ears on the Xonar DG.

The UA100 incorporates DAC and ADC components, so separate chips aren’t required to handle converting audio between analog and digital formats. Unfortunately, the UA100 only supports resolutions and sampling rates up to 16 bits and 48kHz, respectively—standard-definition audio, in other words. HD audio is rare outside of Blu-ray movies and DVD-Audio discs, but a lack of support for it is nonetheless notable. C-Media’s CM6600 USB audio processors all support 24-bit/192kHz audio, suggesting that the UA100 is based on the older CM6400 series.

With a native USB interface, the UA100 doesn’t need a bridge chip to interface with a host system. Asus has, however, incorporated the same Texas Instruments DRV601RTJR headphone amplifier used in the Xonar DG. The headphone amp makes a lot of sense given the U3’s notebook aspirations; virtually all of the audio that comes out of my notebook is fed through a pair of headphones.

Removing the U3’s plastic cap reveals a male USB plug and little else of note. A thin leash ensures that you won’t lose the cap, which can always be taken off entirely. Having the extra piece jangle around is a little annoying, making me wish the U3 used some kind of slider mechanism to protect its lone appendage.

When plugged into a system, the U3 becomes the appendage. Separating analog audio signals from system-level noise is part of what helps discrete solutions sound better than integrated solutions. With a PC expansion card, you’re lifting audio hardware away from the hum of activity on the motherboard. The Xonar U3 does one better by taking everything outside the chassis completely.

To further reduce noise interference, the U3 features a “Hyper-Grounding design” that Asus says is the key to its sound quality. This Xonar-exclusive feature isn’t found on competing USB audio solutions, the firm claims.

Like most notebooks, the U3 has only two audio ports: a headphone/line output and a microphone/line input. The headphone jack doubles as a digital S/PDIF output with the aid of a TOS-Link adapter that’s included in the box.

If you’re in the mood for a surround-sound experience that extends beyond two-channel stereo output, the U3 employs virtualization schemes for headphones and speakers. This software-based simulation system comes courtesy of Dolby, which also provides real-time encoding for multi-channel digital audio output via Dolby Digital Live. You don’t get the same on-the-fly encoding tech with the Xonar DG, making its inclusion in the U3 especially notable. Most modern notebooks can pass immaculate multi-channel bitstreams to compatible receivers via their HDMI outputs (motherboards can do the same via their S/PDIF outs), but that generally only applies to content with pre-encoded audio tracks, such as movies. Getting multi-channel digital output with games requires real-time encoding.

Despite its compact dimensions, the Xonar’s plastic body still has the potential to complicate access to adjacent USB ports. The casing extends 9 mm to the right of the USB plug and 12 mm to the left, resulting in a tight fit on my Acer ultraportable. The Xonar is slimmer than it is wide, with the plastic shell reaching 6.5 mm above the USB plug and 4.5 mm below it.

Asus seems to realize that clearances might be an issue for some folks, because it includes a short USB extension cable in the box. A driver CD rounds out the extras, which are expectedly spartan for what amounts to a budget product.

On the driver CD, you’ll find the same Xonar software Asus ships with its other sound cards. There are plenty of settings to tweak, including three gain modes for different headphone impedance ranges. This is also where one can enable speaker virtualization and surround-sound encoding.

Like other Xonars, the U3 is capable of emulating EAX 5.0 effects using a software layer dubbed GX 2.5. Up to 128 positional audio effects can be processed simultaneously. That said, it’s rare to find EAX effects in modern games. Developers have largely abandoned Creative’s positional audio standard in favor of cross-platform solutions that work with consoles.

Listening to the Xonar U3

Before getting into listening tests, let’s fire up RightMark Audio Analyzer to get an objective sense of the Xonar’s analog signal quality. RMAA’s loopback test simultaneously plays and records a sample clip before rating performance in a number of categories. The Xonar U3 was tested against my Acer ultraportable’s integrated audio, the Xonar DG, and the onboard audio from a Gigabyte microATX board based on AMD’s A75 platform hub for Llano APUs. RMAA was run at the highest quality level supported by the Xonar U3: 16 bits at 48kHz.

RightMark Audio Analyzer audio quality
– 16-bit/48kHz loopback
Frequency response Noise level Dynamic range THD THD + Noise IMD + Noise Stereo Crosstalk IMD at 10kHz Overall score

Gigabyte A75
Excellent Very good Very good Very good Good Very good Very good Very good Very good

Xonar DG
Excellent Excellent Excellent Very good Good Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent

Acer 1810TZ
Very poor Good Good Average Poor Very poor Very poor Average Poor

Xonar U3
Good Good Good Average Poor Average Excellent Average Good

According to RMAA, the Xonar U3 has a better frequency response, less distortion, and less crosstalk than the notebook’s built-in audio. However, the DG and Gigabyte motherboard both score higher in virtually every category.

RMAA has a graphing function that allows us to examine the Xonar’s performance in greater detail. First, let’s look at how the frequency response curves compare.

As you can see, the notebook’s frequency response is about as erratic as Charlie Sheen’s recent behavior. The Xonar U3 offers a much smoother frequency response curve with none of the violent oscillations exhibited by the 1810TZ.

Look at the Gigabyte motherboard and the Xonar DG, though. Their frequency response profiles are much flatter overall—especially at the high end of the spectrum.

RMAA’s intermodulation distortion graph tells a similar story with a different set of squiggly lines. Versus the notebook, the Xonar U3’s audio signal is clearly less distorted. But put it up against the DG and integrated motherboard audio, and suddenly the U3 doesn’t look so hot.

The same holds true when we focus on dynamic range. While the Xonar U3 is an improvement over the Acer ultraportable, the desktop competition comes out ahead yet again.

Of course, probing signal characteristics only tells one part of the story. Listening tests are a better arbiter of sound quality, and I’ve conducted several back-to-back sessions with the Xonar U3 and both the Acer notebook’s integrated audio and the X-Fi in my primary desktop rig. I used Koss’ PortaPro headphones when comparing the U3 to the notebook and a set of Abit iDome speakers when pitting the USB Xonar against the desktop config. The analog audio outs were used in all cases.

I had intended to spend the bulk of my flights to and from Computex in Taipei, Taiwan switching back and forth between the notebook’s headphone jack and the Xonar U3. It didn’t take long to grow dissatisfied with the ultraportable’s music playback quality, though. The built-in audio feels flat and lifeless; bass lines lack punch, high notes are a little dull, and the middle of the spectrum sounds muddled and distant. The Xonar is a huge improvement on all fronts and across multiple musical genres. Ultra-high-bitrate MP3s ripped from Tori Amos, Rob Dougan, Nine Inch Nails, Johnny Cash, Radiohead, and The Postal Service CDs sounded substantially better on the Xonar. The U3 also lacks the faint background hiss I’ve detected with integrated audio solutions on the 1810TZ and a few other notebooks and motherboards.

Versus my desktop’s X-Fi, the Xonar isn’t a clear-cut favorite. It sounds good, no doubt, but doesn’t stand out as being better. To be fair, I’ve always liked the vocal bias exhibited by the X-Fi and other sound cards based on Creative audio processors. The U3 sounds a little more even while maintaining the hints of extra vocal and percussive oomph inherited from the Xonar DG. I just didn’t fall in love with it in the same way.


If your system has a free PCI or PCI Express slot, you’d do well to populate it with a Xonar sound card rather than filling one of your USB ports with the U3. The USB Xonar’s signal quality simply isn’t good enough, and its lack of high-definition audio support is difficult to ignore. Asus didn’t intend for the U3 to end up attached to desktop systems, though. On its native turf in the notebook world, the newest addition to the Xonar family truly shines.

The U3 sounds so much better than my ultraportable’s integrated audio that it’s become a permanent fixture in my notebook bag. I was briefly worried that having the device draw power from the USB port would dramatically reduce battery life, but that simply hasn’t been the case. When looping an HD movie clip with Dolby Headphone enabled, the Xonar config reduces the system’s marathon run time by a scant 11 minutes. That’s a trivial price to pay for a palpable improvement in sound quality and overall functionality.

That added functionality is what really seals the deal for the Xonar U3. Speaker virtualization and EAX emulation are rare in the notebook world, especially among mainstream and thin-and-light systems. You’ll have a hard time finding a laptop that can encode Dolby Digital Live bitstreams on the fly, too. Add up everything it offers, and the Xonar U3 looks like a great value at just $40 online. Audiophiles need not apply, but I’d recommend the Xonar U3 to anyone in the market for a cheap laptop audio upgrade, especially if they’ll be playing games.

Still, I’m left wanting. The U3 may be a great value, but I’d be inclined to pay more for something with a nicer casing, better sound quality, and the ability to handle HD audio streams. Whether that can be achieved without sacrificing the U3’s portability and minimal power consumption remains to be seen. A casual browsing of the fancier USB DACs on the market reveals a lot of designs that are substantially bigger than the Xonar, and I’m not seeing a lot of support for positional audio, speaker virtualization, or Dolby Digital Live encoding.

Comments closed
    • p_huica
    • 11 years ago

    DD Live output via SPDIF is fine, for who wants it and all the speaker virtualization schemes possible with it.

    I myself am interested in the SPDIF output capability of this USB sound card. I have read everything in this discussion and this precise aspect is not clearly specified anywhere. So, can Xonar U3 pass through SPDIF output untouched to an external receiver (that would then take care of the decoding)?

    My goal (as per my current setup) is to watch movies with AC3 or DTS 5.1 audio streams on my laptop using AC3Filter to pass the digital audio stream through SPDIF out to my Logitech Z5500 Digital speaker system. Can this USB sound card do what is required of it in this scenario (just pass along all SPDIF data to the Logitech receiver, without decoding it)?

    • plonk420
    • 11 years ago

    one upside about these USB DACs is that you can get the soundcard closer to your amp (if you’re still stuck in analog-land) and use an ultra short 1/8″ or 1/4″ to RCA.

    i just wish there were more choices for 5+.1 audio outside of X-Fi in the budget arena. i like my $30 Diamond XS71U… it sounds just fine, but it would be nice if there was a higher bitdepth (like 48/24 at least) stepping stone/competition to Creative.

    • cynan
    • 11 years ago

    I wonder how the analog sound quality compares to something from the cheaper end of the portable DAC spectrum, like the [url=<]Nuforce uDAC-2[/url<]

    • Dissonance
    • 11 years ago

    They have the same tuning, but they’re very different devices. Different audio processors, DAC, and ADC.

    • Dissonance
    • 11 years ago

    Dolby Digital Live encoding gives you 5.1 output over S/PDIF, provided you have a compatible receiver or speakers.

    • Jeff Grant
    • 11 years ago

    I’m also curious if/how well playing 5.1 games like SC2 would work over the S/PDIF. Since S/PDIF only does 2 channel PCM, will the U3 do Dolby Live or convert to something like DTS to a receiver? Could it be easily tested to see how well this works, or if there is a delay of some kind?

    • OneArmedScissor
    • 11 years ago

    I didn’t notice it at first, either. I hate how nobody can settle on a reasonable frequency response chart scale lol. Most of them go up to like +20 dB and -20 dB for absolutely no reason (well, reducing the resolution to make it look prettier for marketing, maybe), and then it really throws you off when you actually see one that’s within reason. Just another thing to add to the list of gimmicks to watch out for…

    • OneArmedScissor
    • 11 years ago

    Have you ever heard a buzzing, humming, or whining sound from something electronic, then plugged it into a speaker, and then heard it amplified through the speaker?

    Imagine that, but inside a computer. There’s all sorts of interference going on in anything electronic, and the closer together and less isolated everything is, the worse it is. You don’t need to make it any more complicated than that.

    To keep all that junk from getting into your speakers, you want to separate anything audio related from the source as best as can be done. An expansion card is inside of the computer itself and right up against the motherboard. A USB device, though attached to the motherboard in the same way, is outside of the case and further isolated.

    • dashbarron
    • 11 years ago

    [quote<] Separating analog audio signals from system-level noise is part of what helps discrete solutions sound better than integrated solutions. With a PC expansion card, you're lifting audio hardware away from the hum of activity on the motherboard. The Xonar U3 does one better by taking everything outside the chassis completely. [/quote<] I don't know if is this is being critical or not...but say what? Either this is poorly explained, confusing/misleading, or maybe I'm just not understanding. What does moving the technology onto a PCI card have over integrated in respects to "system-level noise" and sound quality? Additionally, how or why is a USB dongle better than a PCI card in this respects, or is "one better" just a turn of phrase for having it on a nifty dongle and not inside the case and taking up an expansion slot? I'm not being derisive, just honestly inquiring.

    • Bensam123
    • 11 years ago

    Does the S/PDIF support 5.1 surround sound or just virtualization though?

    Ah, thought the metal grills might hide some tiny laptopish speakers or something.

    • Meadows
    • 11 years ago

    Thumbs up to you, I did not notice the vertical scale. If the USB version is flawed and the “pop” tuning is included in both versions, then it may simply be post-post-processing and the Xonars may be lying to RMAA.

    • Meadows
    • 11 years ago

    So if they’re essentially the same device with different packaging, how can there be a discrepancy so large?

    • Dissonance
    • 11 years ago

    Speaker virtualization can be enabled over S/PDIF. The grills are just for show, though–no speakers behind them.

    • Dissonance
    • 11 years ago

    Asus “tuned” the DG in the same way, and yet the RMAA results differ.

    • burntham77
    • 11 years ago

    It is nice to see a Lego man helping out. I think everyone needs at least one Lego person in their life to keep things in line. I bet if I had a Lego person in my life, I would have made better financial choices.

    • OneArmedScissor
    • 11 years ago

    The results for the Acer are horrifying. Could you test more laptops, please? I figured that recent laptops corrected the more significant integrated audio issues that used to plague desktops, but apparently not. It would be nice to find one that doesn’t need extra junk plugged into it.

    • OneArmedScissor
    • 11 years ago

    Those boosts you’re talking about are less than 0.5 dB, and unnaturally narrow, on top of that. You probably couldn’t pick that out on extremely good speakers, in an extremely well balanced acoustic environment, with extremely good hearing. But the average person listening to headphones on a laptop? No way in hell.

    The cuts are more significant, as most of the frequency response would have been flat without them, making them -1 dB dips, but again, one is just about inaudibly narrow, and the other is still not significant in anything but a completely ideal listening environment. Judging by the wobbly pattern, it’s just a flaw.

    Considering that the frequency response falls off the map at 14 KHz, it obviously has a problem and I don’t think there was any “tuning” involved here.

    • Duck
    • 11 years ago


    1) Don’t simply regurgitate marketing BS about “hyper grounding”

    2) No latency tests? How much latency is added by using USB2 compared to the DG? How much is added by enabling dolby headphone (if any) ?

    3) USB has overheads. I would like to see some game benchmark to see if it lowers FPS at all and by how much. Compare it to the DG and see if dolby headphone makes any difference.

    • Bensam123
    • 11 years ago

    “The headphone jack doubles as a digital S/PDIF output with the aid of a TOS-Link adapter that’s included in the box.”

    “Asus seems to realize that clearances might be an issue for some folks, because it includes a short USB extension cable in the box.”

    Wow, everything I was thinking about the next line after it was explained. Curiously does it do surround sound over the S/PDIF? I know you guys stated that it supports virtualization, but not what it does over S/PDIF.

    “Up to 128 positional audio effects can be processed simultaneously. That said, it’s rare to find EAX effects in modern games.”

    Which is sad. It’s hard to find games that support more then 32 or even 16 (even if it says it does) voices or any sort of environmental effects in them what so ever. Can EAX, simulated or otherwise, even be tested anymore?

    Are those two metal grills integrated speakers too?

    • Meadows
    • 11 years ago


    [quote<]Look at the Gigabyte motherboard and the Xonar DG, though. Their frequency response profiles are much flatter overall—especially at the high end of the spectrum.[/quote<] That's because ASUS "tuned" the U3, essentially adding a distorted EQ. The waving pattern you observed around 6 kHz and 12 kHz is to add this so-called "pop": 6 kHz is the high end of the [b<]presence[/b<] range, which sharpens vocals and electrifies chords and riffs, and 12 kHz makes percussion (especially hi-hats) shimmer and stand out (in a quite shearing way, if you overdo it). In essence, there's no "modification" here that you couldn't do in your favourite media player's EQ already. The fact it's a factory default is unsettling.

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