reviewthe tech report system guide february 2017 edition

The Tech Report System Guide: February 2017 edition

Welcome to the February 2017 edition of The Tech Report System Guide. Since our last Guide, Intel released its Kaby Lake CPUs, and we dutifully reviewed them. Kaby parts make good replacements for the Skylake family before them, even if the generational improvement can be charitably described as “minor.” We’ve also seen AMD teasing more information about the performance of its Ryzen CPUs, which should be hitting stores not too long from now. Our stable of CPU recommendations is still all-Intel, but there’s some hope that Ryzen may shake things up a little soon.

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In the graphics card arena, there’s no sign of a cease-fire in the price war between AMD and Nvidia. Graphics cards in the sub-$250 range keep dropping in price, so much so that I’ve taken to calling early 2017 a golden age for cash-strapped gamers everywhere. Just to give you a rough idea, nearly every card cheaper than an RX 480 8GB can be had for under $200. That means you can get a graphics card capable of driving most games at 2560×1440 with ease for only a couple Benjamins these days. If that doesn’t classify as “affordable gaming,” we don’t know what does. Regret buying that PS4 Pro yet?

As for the remaining components that make up a PC, there hasn’t been much in the way of new releases. Prices for memory appear to have more-or-less stabilized after the massive climb late last year, offering some breathing room for those looking to build machines with 32GB or even 64GB of RAM. Prices for speedy 3000 MT/s and 3200 MT/s RAM are sticking fairly close to those of 2400 MT/s modules, too. That’s led us to recommend the faster memory where we can, especially after our Kaby Lake review revealed that some workloads may be amenable to faster RAM speeds.

In the SSD front, prices have risen a little, particularly for the 500GB class of drives. While we don’t know exactly what’s causing this, our best guess is that users are moving onto 500GB as a baseline capacity, and the usual supply-and-demand market rule is reflecting that. Having said that, prices for Samsung’s 960 EVO drives have dropped a little, a move that was likely prompted by Intel’s aggressive pricing of its 600p SSDs. We expect the solid-state price wars to heat up on the NVMe front in the coming months.

The Tech Report System Guide is sponsored by Newegg. We’ll be using links to the site’s product pages throughout this guide. You can (and should!) support our work by purchasing the items we recommend using these links. A big thanks to Newegg for their continued support. In the rare cases that Newegg doesn’t stock an item we want to recommend, we’ll link to other retailers as needed. Despite its sponsorship, Newegg has no input on the components included in the System Guide. Our picks are entirely our own.

Rules of the road
The System Guide is our list of recommended parts for building a new PC. If you’ve never built a PC before and want to, that’s great. Just be sure to read through our guide to building a PC, or kick back and watch the handy video below, before proceeding.

In the following pages, we’ll discuss our picks for the critical components that make up a PC, including processors, motherboards, memory, graphics cards, storage, cases, and power supplies. We’ve picked parts to fit budgets of all sizes, without compromising on quality or performance. Those picks are divided into three categories: budget, sweet spot, and high-end. We’ll also make a note of good choices for those readers who are looking to get in to a VR ready system.

Our budget picks will get you up and running with solid components that won’t break the bank. Stepping up to our sweet spot parts gets you even more bang for your buck. At the high end, we’ve chosen parts that represent the pinnacle of performance, without falling into the trap of spending money for its own sake.

Each part will have a link to a TR review where possible. We also include a notable needs section for each item with any critical information that you need to know before putting together a parts list. Finally, we’ve put together some sample builds if you have no idea where to start.

If you like this article, don’t miss the rest of our guide series: our how-to-build-a-PC guide, where we walk readers (and viewers) through the PC assembly process; our mobile staff picks, where we highlight our favorite devices for on-the-go computing; and our peripheral guide, where we pick the best monitors, mice, keyboards, and accessories to make your PC experience even better.


Unless you’ve been living under a rock or in a pineapple under the sea, you know that Intel’s Kaby Lake desktop CPUs are out and about now. You can read our full review of Intel’s latest, but the gist of it is that Kaby Lake offers clock speed bumps across the range for nearly the same prices as the Skylake chips they replaced. Not a revolution by any stretch, but hey, free clock speed bump. Can’t go wrong with that.

Given that fact, our CPU choices this time around mostly replace Skylake chips with their Kaby successors, save for a couple exceptions. While we’ve long praised the Skylake Core i3-6100 for its near-perfect balance of clockspeed, power consumption, and price, we’re not quite so enamored with its successor, the Core i3-7100, at $120. That’s because of the Pentium G4620, a $92 chip that shares almost every one of the Core i3-7100’s characteristics. The only downsides to the Pentium are a 200-MHz clock speed deficit and lack of support for AVX and TSX-NI instructions. We think that most people can be happy saving a few bucks with the Pentium G4620.

There’s also AMD’s upcoming Ryzen CPUs to consider. We’re inching through AMD’s “first quarter of 2017” release window, so while the new CPUs may not be blocks away, they’ve certainly crossed the state line. Recently, the company has demoed an eight-core, 16-thread Ryzen CPU roughly matching a Core i7-6900K monster. Even assuming Ryzen will deliver that kind of real-world performance, there’s still scarce information on what AMD’s actual CPU lineup will be short of a handful of rumors. If you’re willing to wait a bit, Ryzen parts might be worth sitting tight for.

With all that said, here are our recommendations for today. Intel’s 14-nm Kaby Lake chips are the best performers on the market by almost any measure. We won’t rehash the reasons for why this is here—go read our Core i7-7700K review for all the details. Kaby Lake chips offer small-but-welcome increases in performance over Skylake parts pretty much across the board, and the new high-end Z720 chipset offers enough PCI Express lanes for plenty of next-generation storage and high-speed I/O ports.

It’s also worth pointing out that Kaby Lake and Skylake chips are interchangeable between the new-fangled 200-series motherboards and the tried-and-true 100-series boards. Either type of CPU will also work on motherboards with the H270, Q270, Q250, and B250 chipsets, which we’ll detail in the motherboards section right in the next page.

The only thing that Intel is restricting to the Kaby-and-200-series combo is support for Optane Memory, an as-yet-nebulous product that seems to be a small solid-state cache meant to sit between a hard drive and RAM in systems without an SSD. We wouldn’t sweat this point too much since Intel hasn’t shipped any Optane products yet.

While all that talk above mostly pertains to standard desktop and gaming systems, workstation builders and high-end enthusiasts may be interested in Intel’s Broadwell-E CPUs. This range of chips piles on the cores and PCIe lanes, and tops out with the seriously-impressive 10-core, 20-thread Core i7-6950X.

The Broadwell architecture alone is only an evolutionary improvement over Haswell before it, but Intel has compensated for the single-threaded performance gap between Broadwell and newer CPUs somewhat with a new technology called Turbo Boost Max 3.0, or TBM3 for short. To make this technology work, Intel finds the core with the highest performance potential on each Broadwell-E CPU die during production, and a companion Windows driver prioritizes work to run on that core. On the Core i7-6950X in our labs, that means the best-performing core on the chip can boost up to 4GHz. At those speeds, a single-threaded Broadwell-E workload (namely, Cinebench) trails a Haswell Core i7-4790K by only 6%. The Core i7-6700K is only about 3% faster than the Core i7-4790K by that measure, so if you need all of Broadwell-E’s cores, you can mostly have your cake and eat it too.

Broadwell-E’s problem—if it can be called that—is its price tag. The Core i7-6950X sells for $1650 right now, a considerable jump over the eight-core, 16-thread Core i7-6900K and its $1050 price tag. For perspective, consider the fact that you can build a quite-impressive Core i7-7700K PC for just a little more than what the Core i7-6950X alone costs. We’ve never recommended the top-end Intel Extreme CPUs to begin with, and the Core i7-6900K and Core i7-6950X don’t do anything to change that. Unless you’re certain your workload can take advantage of all the resources the top-end Broadwell-E parts have to offer, we think most can safely forget about them.


Product Price Notable needs
Intel Pentium G4620 $92.99 Intel LGA1151 motherboard

In this price range, we think Intel’s Pentium G4620 is a great buy. Its healthy 3.7GHz turbo clock speed should be brisk enough for most, and its Hyper-Threading support can boost performance in multithreaded tasks. It’ll also appear as a quad-core CPU to games that require one. This Pentium is a good choice for non-gamers, too, since it has basic integrated graphics. For $93, it’s hard to find anything to complain about with this chip.

You may be wondering why we didn’t pick the Core i3-7100 instead. That chip goes for $120—almost $30 more than the G4620—and it only has an extra 200MHz of clock speed and AVX and TSX-NI support to show for it. Given that every single dollar counts in a budget build, we think that money is better spent on a more powerful graphics card.

Some of you may be wondering why the Core i3-7320 and the unlocked Core i3-7350K aren’t in our list, either. The way prices for those parts currently stand, the Core i3-7320 simply isn’t a good deal at $165 when you can get a Core i5-7500 with four physical cores and 6MB of cache for $205. As for the Core i3-7350K, those who thought this chip would be the new super-overclockable Pentium Anniversary Edition will stop dead in their tracks once they see that it costs $180. For just $20 more, builders can get that same Core i5-7500, or stretch to the $240 Core i5-7600K.

We used to recommend some of AMD’s budget CPU options here, but honestly, the performance gap between the Intel and AMD’s entry-level CPUs is simply too great for us to be able to recommend them. Socket FM2+ is a dead-end platform with Ryzen’s pending arrival, and there’s simply no reason to consider any existing FM2+ CPU or APU any longer. Until we know more about how Ryzen performs, though, the Pentium G4620 is the unquestioned budget CPU champion.

Sweet spot

Product Price Notable needs
Intel Core i5-7500 $204.99 Intel LGA1151 motherboard
Intel Core i5-7600K $239.99 Intel LGA1151 motherboard, Z270 chipset for overclocking,
aftermarket CPU cooler
Intel Core i7-7700K $349.99

Moving up to our sweet-spot picks gets builders into Intel’s quad-core CPUs. If you don’t want to get into overclocking, the Core i5-7500 looks like the Goldilocks chip in this price range. For little over $200, the i5-7500 gives us 3.4GHz base and 3.8GHz turbo clocks in a trim 65W thermal envelope. The Core i5-6500 is also a great CPU for a VR-ready machine. As a warning, we aren’t as enamored of the Core i5-7400. Suffice to say, the $5 less it costs versus the i5-7500 isn’t worth any sort of performance decrease, much less a big drop in clock speeds.

If the Core i5-7500 isn’t enough power, Intel’s unlocked Kaby Lake parts seem like logical steps up to us. The Core i5-7600K offers four unlocked Kaby Lake cores running at 3.8GHz base and 4.2GHz Turbo speeds. At the top end of the lineup, the beastly Core i7-7700K adds Hyper-Threading and turns the clocks all the way up to 4.2GHz base and 4.5GHz Turbo speeds. Overclockers are free to explore these chips’ upper limits with a Z270 (or Z170) motherboard, too.

Since Intel doesn’t include a stock cooler with its K-series CPUs any longer, be sure to grab an aftermarket cooler from our selections later in this guide if you’re building with a Core i5-7600K or a Core i7-7700K—and make sure it’s a beefy one if you’re choosing the i7-7700K. Our experience with that chip has shown that it’s quite the challenge to cool, even for large tower heatsinks. A 240-mm or 280-mm liquid cooler is not an unreasonable choice if you’re building with Intel’s top-end Kaby Lake CPU.

High end
If the Z170 platform doesn’t offer enough cores, PCIe lanes, memory bandwidth, or memory capacity for your needs, Intel’s “Extreme” CPUs and X99 motherboards are the next step up for desktop PCs.

Product Price Notable needs
Intel Core i7-6800K $424.99 LGA2011-v3 motherboard,
quad-channel DDR4 memory kit,
discrete graphics, aftermarket CPU cooler
Intel Core i7-6850K $609.99

With the advent of Broadwell-E, we think the best CPU choice in the lineup is the $610, six-core, 12-thread Core i7-6850K. Like all Broadwell-E chips, the Core i7-6850K is unlocked for easy overclocking—just grab a beefy cooler to go with it.

If you want extra cores and threads and you don’t need all 40 of the PCIe 3.0 lanes from fancier Broadwell-E chips, the Core i7-6800K and its 28 lanes of PCIe 3.0 connectivity fill the same role the hobbled Core i7-5820K did in the Haswell-E lineup. Even considering Nvidia’s move to support only two-way SLI with its Pascal graphics cards, the Core i7-6800K comes up a little short for folks planning multi-GPU setups. Considering that limitation, we’ll continue to conditionally recommend this chip for folks who are absolutely sure they won’t miss the extra lanes.


Intel’s 200-series chipsets arrived alongside its Kaby Lake CPUs. Much as with the 100-series chipsets before them, the new lineup’s main interest is the Z270 chipset, which lets users overclock their unlocked CPUs. The H270 chipset is mostly  similar to Z270 except that it doesn’t allow for CPU overclocking.

Meanwhile, the Q270, Q250, and B250 are all labeled as “business chipsets,” and they share most of their bigger brothers’ characteristics, with the only noteworthy omissions being a decrease of chipset-driven USB ports and PCIe storage devices in the Q250 and B250 variants. You won’t find SLI or Crossfire on anything but a Q270 board among this trio, either. As far as we’re concerned, though, a mobo with any of these chipsets is a perfectly fine choice for a budget or even a mid-range box, as long as you’re not looking to overclock an unlocked CPU with them.

Buying a motherboard these days is pretty straightforward. There are only four major manufacturers to choose from, and their offerings have very similar performance and peripheral connectivity at each price point. The main differences between competing boards lie with their Windows software, firmware, and overclocking tools.

  • Asus is the biggest of the four main motherboard makers. We think Asus boards have better Windows software and firmware than the competition, plus the most intelligent and reliable auto-overclocking functionality. The company’s firmware interface offers the best fan speed controls around, too. Some Asus motherboards ship with cushioned I/O shields and header adapters that make it much easier to connect finicky front-panel headers. Overall, an Asus board should offer the most polished experience of the lot.
  • MSI‘s motherboards offer solid hardware paired with polished firmware and Windows software. The nicely-retooled fan controls in the firm’s 9-series firmware have been carried over to its latest motherboards, though the company’s auto-overclocking intelligence remains fairly conservative and somewhat rudimentary.
  • Gigabyte‘s 200-series motherboards are also a good choice, even if their auto-overclocking intelligence, firmware, and Windows software aren’t quite up to par with Asus’ or MSI’s in this generation. The company’s firmware fan controls are now about on par with Asus’, but the rest of its firmware and Windows software utilities could still stand some polish. Gigabyte’s higher-end boards are currently the only way to get niceties like Thunderbolt 3 built in, and some models ship with cushioned I/O shields and header adapters, too.
  • ASRock generally aims its products at more value-conscious buyers. ASRock boards typically offer a great hardware spec for the money. In our experience, however, ASRock’s firmware and Windows software leave much to be desired. ASRock boards are appealing primarily for their budget price tags.


Product Price Notable needs
MSI B250M Pro-VD $65.99 Intel LGA1151 processor, mATX case recommended

MSI’s B250M PRO-VD is an interesting choice for non-overclocked Kaby Lake builds. It’s absurdly cheap for a recently-released motherboard from a top-tier manufacturer, and despite its compact dimensions, it still offers an M.2 slot, a full complement of six SATA ports, and a metal-reinforced PCIe x16 slot. If you don’t plan to overclock, and you’re OK living with DDR4-2400 RAM, the B250M PRO-VD seems like all the motherboard one would need for a budget system.

Sweet spot

Product Price Notable needs
MSI Z270 PC Mate $124.99 Intel LGA1151 processor, ATX case
Asus Prime Z270-A $159.99

For folks who want a not-so-basic Z270 board to pair with an unlocked Kaby Lake CPU, we like MSI’s Z270 PC Mate. This $125 mobo has everything the enthusiast needs without a lot of frills. Despite its wallet-friendly price, the MSI Z270 PC Mate offers a full complement of PCIe expansion slots (one of them metal-reinforced), two M.2 slots, an Intel Gigabit Ethernet adapter, and a smattering of USB 3.0 ports alongside Type-A and Type-C USB 3.1 connectors. For a little more than a Benjamin, this board isn’t missing much. SLI support is the only feature we didn’t see that some builders might want.

MSI Z270 PC Mate

If you’ve gotta have SLI support, Asus’ Prime Z270A lets builders install multiple Nvidia graphics cards. It also adds a few other niceties compared to our budget pick. This board packs two M.2 slots, an Intel Gigabit Ethernet controller, a fancy Realtek S1220A audio codec with DTS Connect multi-channel encoding, and USB 3.1 Type-C and Type-A ports. Asus also offers an optional Thunderbolt expansion card should you need that kind of connectivity. Considering it’s a recently-released model, the $160 asking price doesn’t look too bad for this feature set. TR Lord of the BBQ Colton Westrate has one of these boards, and he’s really happy with it.

Asus Prime Z270-A

Sweeter spot

Product Price Notable needs
Asus ROG Strix Z270E Gaming $199.99 Intel LGA1151 processor, ATX case
Gigabyte GA-Z270X-UD5 $199.99

If you’re building with an eye towards a motherboard that’s packed to the brim with features, the Asus ROG Strix Z270E Gaming is where you want to be. It carries two metal-reinforced PCIe x16 slots with SLI support, two M.2 sockets, and both Type-A and Type-C USB 3.1 ports. Nothing that fancy so far, but there’s more. Asus saw fit to add built-in 802.11ac Wi-Fi via a 2×2 adapter with MU-MIMO support. There are also dual headphone amplifiers and a front-panel USB 3.1 connector. Last but not least, the board has a rather tasteful dash of RGB LEDs and a connector for controlling additional strips. Our editor-in-chief Jeff Kampman has this board at TR HQ, and he says you should totally get one.

Asus ROG Strix Z270E Gaming

For a different tack, you may want to consider Gigabyte’s GA-Z270X-UD5. This mobo doesn’t have lots of LEDs or Wi-Fi. It makes up for those omissions with an Intel Thunderbolt 3 controller capable of pushing data at up to 40Gbps, dual Intel Gigabit Ethernet chips, and a U.2 port. The onboard Type-C port also supports the Power Delivery 2.0 spec, meaning it should be good for pushing up to 36W to compatible devices. Like the Asus board above, the GA-Z270X-UD5 supports both SLI and Crossfire and offers metal-shielded PCIe and DIMM slots.

Gigabyte GA-Z270X-UD5

High end

Product Price Notable needs
Gigabyte GA-X99P-SLI $229.99 Intel LGA2011-v3 processor, ATX case
Asus X99-A II $244.99

We think that builders with high-end systems in mind should start weighing Thunderbolt 3 compatibility when picking out new parts. Following that train of thought, our primary option for the higher end is Gigabyte’s GA-X99P-SLI. This board uses Intel’s Alpine Ridge controller to provide both high-speed USB 3.1 and Thunderbolt 3 connections through its single USB 3.1 Type-C port. This Gigabyte board is down a couple ports in its rear cluster compared to the X99-A II below, but the tradeoff could be worth it if you need the X99P-SLI’s unique feature set. They’re both about the same price, so pick the board most suited to your needs.

Gigabyte GA-X99P-SLI

Keep in mind that the X99P-SLI may need a BIOS update to function properly with Broadwell-E chips. This board doesn’t include Gigabyte’s handy Q-Flash Plus feature, which lets builders update the motherboard’s firmware with nothing more than a USB thumb drive and a power supply. If you don’t already have a Haswell-E CPU lying around, you might have to borrow one somehow to get the X99P-SLI up to date for Intel’s latest.

If you can live without built-in Thunderbolt and would rather not chance Broadwell-E compatibility, we think Asus’ X99-A II is a great pick. The X99-A was our favorite motherboard for Haswell-E CPUs when they were the hot new thing, so we’re happy to see that the company has updated the board for Broadwell-E. Like its predecessor, this board offers everything we’d really want in a high-end desktop and nothing we don’t.

Asus X99A-II

This refreshed board has USB 3.1 Type-A and Type-C ports, a U.2 connector for 2.5″ NVMe SSDs, an M.2 slot, Realtek ALC1150 audio, and the all-important RGB LED lighting. Like its predecessor, we think the X99-A II is all the X99 motherboard one might ever need unless it doesn’t satisfy some strange corner case.


Product Price
G.Skill Aegis 8GB (2x4GB) DDR4-2400 $58.99
G.Skill Aegis 16GB (2x8GB) DDR4-2400 $99.99
G.Skill Ripjaws V 16GB (2x8GB) DDR4-3200 $104.99
G.Skill Aegis 32GB (2x16GB) DDR4-2400 $189.99
G.Skill TridentZ 32GB (2x16GB) DDR4-3200 $209.99

In the last edition of the Guide, we remarked that prices for RAM were rising sharply. Mercifully, the prices appear to have climbed to a plateau, offering prospective system buyers a little peace of mind.

There’s no reason at all to consider anything but 8GB of memory in an entry-level build these days. It also doesn’t cost a whole lot extra to step up to 16GB of RAM any longer. If you use Photoshop or other creative applications in tandem with a lot of open browser tabs, 16GB of RAM is starting to become a baseline, not an upgrade. Even 32GB or 64GB of RAM might not be outlandish for the heaviest multitaskers.

Intel’s official spec for Kaby Lake-compatible DDR4 RAM is DDR4-2400 running at 1.2V, but we’ve used significantly faster DIMMs like DDR4-3866 in our CPU and motherboard test rigs without issue. In our review of the Core i7-7700K, we found that speedy RAM might offer performance benefits in specific scenarios. With that in mind, and the fact that DDR4-3000 and DDR4-3200 kits can be found for prices close to their DDR-2400 counterparts, we see little reason not to go with a faster kit unless your motherboard isn’t based on a Z170 or Z270 chipset.

If you’re building an X99 system, be sure to choose (or assemble) a kit with four DIMMs to reach the capacity you want. Broadwell-E CPUs need four DIMMs to take full advantage of their quad-channel memory controllers. Broadwell-E also boosts compatible memory speeds to DDR4-2400 out of the box, too, but we’ve used DDR4-3200 in our latest high-end test rigs without a hitch.


Graphics cards
As we talked about in our intro, AMD and Nvidia are duking it out in the budget and mid-range graphics card markets right now. Gamers are reaping the benefits, and cash-strapped gamers especially are living a golden age of sorts. The current situation can be defined in few words: you can get a ton of graphics card in the $150-to-$250 range, thanks to an apparent supply increase and heady competition from both the red and the green teams.

We’re officially drawing a line in the sand and asserting that any graphics card with less than 4GB of RAM is a bad idea for a brand-new gaming machine. Our observations indicate that with the latest crop of games, it’s become a little too easy to hit certain corner cases where lesser-endowed cards hit a RAM limit, degrading performance.

MSI RX 480 4GB Armor OC

Nvidia recently threw a bone to budget-minded builders with its GeForce GTX 1050 and GTX 1050 Ti cards. We think the GTX 1050 is the less-appealing choice of the two, thanks to its 2GB of RAM—a characteristic shared by the RX 460 2GB cards that we’ll be avoiding.  The GTX 1050 Ti with 4GB of RAM, on the other hand, is a much more capable card. Nvidia blesses this card with a fully-enabled GP107 GPU, and it’s quiet and efficient. There are many compact single-fan GTX 1050 Tis without a PCIe power connector, too, making this card a great drop-in upgrade for prebuilt desktops. It’s an excellent choice for around $140, though if you have just a few more bucks in your pocket and a solid power supply, the Radeon RX 480 4GB offers much more performance for roughly $180. Still, a living-room gaming PC with a GTX 1050 Ti inside could be quite appealing.

At the high end of the market, the GeForce GTX 1070 and GTX 1080 continue to rule. These cards can now regularly be found at or under their suggested prices, and every manufacturer under the sun has a specially-tuned version for every price point. If you want the best gaming experience around, there’s no need to look further than either of these cards.

Nvidia still hasn’t chosen to support the VESA Adaptive-Sync standard (better known as FreeSync) in its latest graphics cards, so folks that are keen on VRR tech from a sub-$300 graphics card will need to take stock of their budgets and see whether a $380-or-more monitor is within the realm of affordability. If it is, a GeForce card and a G-Sync monitor will be a good pairing. Those looking to save every dollar will want to look into a Radeon and one of the many FreeSync displays on the market.

The eagle-eyed among you may notice that we’re now separating our graphics card choices a little differently. That change is long overdue, since there’s plenty of overlap between different prices points, and because of our ongoing investigation into the performance of graphics cards tied to affordable CPUs. As it turns out, we’ve roughly established that in certain scenarios, graphics cards more powerful than a GeForce GTX 1050 Ti can hit a wall if they’re paired with an affordable dual-core, four-thread CPU.

If you’ve been keeping track, you’ll realize that the top budget combo of the moment is the Pentium G4620 with a GTX 1050 Ti. If you go for a faster CPU, you’ll often find yourself craving a more powerful graphics card, and vice-versa. Our graphics card choices for the budget segment and our recommendations in the Sample Builds section of this Guide reflect that fact.

In the budget arena, there’s a lot of graphics card to be had for a small amount of cash these days. For under $150, you can get a card that should be able to handle almost any game you throw at it if you don’t push the resolution or detail too high. These are also the cards that we advise people pair with budget CPUs, as discussed above. An added advantage is that none of our budget picks requires a PCIe power connector, meaning these cards can go into any system where they can physically fit.

Product Price Remarks
Gigabyte Radeon RX 460 Windforce OC 4GB $119.99 Look, ma, no power connectors needed!
Gigabyte GeForce GTX 1050 Ti Windforce 4GB $149.99
EVGA GeForce GTX 1050 Ti SC $149.99

The Gigabyte Radeon RX 460 Windforce OC 4GB we’ve chosen for our entry-level bracket boasts all the best features of the breed. It doesn’t need a six-pin PCIe power connector to run, and its dual-fan cooler should be polite under load. For only a few bucks more than 2GB RX 460s, we think this card is the RX 460 to get.

Gigabyte Radeon RX 460 Windforce OC 4GB

For more gaming power in this segment, the GeForce GTX 1050 Ti offers substantially superior performance and runs quieter and cooler than the RX 460 4GB, for just a little more cash. The only thing going against it is its lack of FreeSync support, really. Its power and noise profile make it a near-perfect choice for a gaming-oriented HTPC, too. Our choice for this type of card is another Gigabyte model, the GTX 1050 Ti OC. It offers slightly boosted clocks and a dual-fan setup. You’d be forgiven for mistaking it with the RX 460 picture above, too.

Gigabyte GTX 1050 Ti Windforce

You might find it odd that we made a lot of noise (pun intended) about how cool and quiet the GTX 1050 Ti is, but we listed a mid-sized, dual-fan card above. Fret no more. Our next choice is a compact card that can go into just about any system on the planet with a PCIe x16 slot. We’re talking about the EVGA GeForce GTX 1050 Ti SuperClocked. This tiny terror is actually in the TR labs, and measures at only 5.7″ long. The single fan on it is more than enough to quietly cool it, and it draws power through the PCIe slot alone. Finally, despite its dimensions, it’ll still offer a 1468 MHz boost clock.

EVGA GeForce GTX 1050 Ti SC

Whither the Radeon RX 470 in our budget options? Well, it’s complicated. In some ongoing tests, we’ve found that the most affordable Polaris 10 card is best paired with more expensive quad-core CPUs to achieve the best performance possible. Sure, you can get one for a ridiculously low price these days, and it’ll still offer enviable performance for 1920×1080 gaming, but think of it as a way to get that performance on the cheap with an otherwise-powerful system instead of a way to pump up an otherwise modest PC. That role is best left to the GeForce GTX 1050 Ti for the smoothest gameplay around. Radeon RX 480 4GB cards can be had for just a bit more than an RX 470 these days, too, so we think it’s worth taking the tiny step up and getting the fully-enabled Polaris 10 card instead. 

Sweet spot
Here we reach the point where things start getting more serious. Our graphics card choices for this section still stay within the sub-$300 range, but they need at least a Core i5 CPU to truly shine, as we’ve just discussed. Keep that in mind when looking at the options below.

Product Price Notable needs
MSI Radeon RX 480 4GB Armor OC $179.99 One eight-pin power connector
MSI Radeon RX 480 8GB Armor OC $224.99
Gigabyte GTX 1060 6GB Windforce OC $254.99

Let’s look at the MSI Radeon RX 480 4GB OC Armor first. These cards have plummeted in price since their launch, and you can now find them easily for less than $200. Our chosen model goes for only $180, if you can believe that. The fully-enabled Polaris 10 GPU on the RX 480 offers potent performance for both 1920×1080 and 2560×1440 gaming alike, and the extra gigabyte of RAM this card offers over the somewhat-hobbled GTX 1060 3GB only sweetens its appeal.

We’re happy to report that the high prices that the Radeon RX 480 8GB previously commanded are a thing of the past, as well, leaving buyers with pretty clear choices when it comes to getting that graphics card that’s Just Right: not too cheap, and not too expensive. One can say the sweet spot has never been sweeter.

MSI Radeon RX 480 Armor 8GB

The first selection we have is the MSI Radeon RX 480 Armor 8GB. There’s not a lot we can say about this specimen that’s not a good thing. It offers two large fans, healthy clock speeds, and a particularly tasty price: $225. This class of card should be enough for pretty much any game with maxed-out settings at 1920×1080, and it should still offer pretty good performance at 2560×1440 with a few settings dialed back. FreeSync support means builders can pair an affordable variable-refresh-rate monitor with the RX 480 for buttery smoothness, and both the RX 480 4GB and RX 480 8GB can serve as the foundation for entry-level VR-ready systems, too.

For a few bucks more, the GTX 1060 6GB delivers pretty much the same performance as the RX 480 GB. This card’s real advantage is the highly power-efficient GP106 Pascal GPU. Thanks to that efficiency, custom-cooled cards can deliver high performance without making more than the barest peep of fan noise, and they consume significantly less power than the Radeon RX 480. If you’re considering a VR-ready system, the GTX 1060 6GB offers the requisite performance and some Pascal-exclusive VR rendering features for the money, too.

If you have your eye on a G-Sync monitor or want a fairly powerful card that’s also cool and quiet, we recommend the Gigabyte GTX 1060 6GB Windforce OC as our choice for the green team in this segment.

High end
Nvidia’s Pascal cards make picking a high-end graphics card really easy right now. If you have $350 to $450 to spend, you want a GeForce GTX 1070 with a custom cooler. If you have about $600 to $700, you want a GeForce GTX 1080 with a custom cooler. Any questions?

Product Price
Gigabyte GTX 1070 G1 Gaming $394.99
Gigabyte GTX 1080 G1 Gaming $609.99
Gigabyte GeForce GTX 1080 Xtreme Gaming $669.99

OK, you want further convincing. How about the fact that the GTX 1080 is about 20% faster than a GeForce GTX 980 Ti or a Radeon R9 Fury X in many games, sometimes even faster? The GTX 1070 is no less impressive. It delivers GTX 980 Ti-class performance for far less money than that card demanded at the height of its popularity. If you’re trying to push 2560×1440 gaming to its limits, or want a smooth 4K ride, the GTX 1080 is the way to go. The GTX 1070 carries on the GTX 980 Ti’s commanding performance for maxed-out or high-refresh-rate gaming at 1920×1080 or 2560×1440. Both cards have 8GB of RAM, but the GTX 1080 uses the higher-speed GDDR5X and the GTX 1070 makes do with good old GDDR5.

Gigabyte GTX 1070 G1 Gaming

What about Nvidia’s Pascal-powered Titan X? This beastly card uses Nvidia’s baddest consumer Pascal GPU so far, GP102, to serve up 3584 stream processors, 224 texturing units, and 96 ROPs, all running in a 1531MHz boost clock range. PC Perspective got its hands on one of these beasts and found that it wipes the floor with any other single-GPU graphics card available today. Nvidia charges $1200 for the privilege of owning a Pascal Titan X, though. If you demand the absolute best 4K gaming performance from a single-GPU card on the market, get ready to pay up. Everybody else is probably safe with a GTX 1080 of some flavor.

Gigabyte’s GeForce GTX 1080 Xtreme Gaming

You’ll notice a distinct lack of Radeons in this section. As of this writing, AMD simply doesn’t have an answer to the GTX 1070 or GTX 1080. The Radeon R9 Fury X can go into the ring with the GTX 1070, but its 4GB of RAM may limit its long-term appeal—and it needs far more power than the GeForce to do its thing. As for the GTX 1080, it’s simply in a league of its own right now.

The value proposition gets little better as we move down AMD’s model lineup. Radeon R9 Fury cards can be had for not much more than a GTX 1060 6GB these days, but unless absolute performance is the most important factor for you, we’d take the Nvidia card for its diminuitive size, larger RAM complement, and power-sipping nature. The Radeon R9 Nano’s unique form factor isn’t enough to recommend it over a GTX 1070, either. We might see higher-end Radeons that can mix it up with Pascal sometime this year, but for now, Nvidia rules the roost.


To make our storage recommendations a bit more comprehensible, we’ve broken out our SSD picks into budget, sweet-spot, and high-end options, just like the rest of the components in the Guide.

Outside of a single budget hard drive option, we’ll first be recommending SSDs for system drives—the place where you want your operating system, games, frequently-used files, and anything else you want to be able to get to quickly. We’ll then talk about larger bulk storage options for less-frequently-used data or large media files.

We’re now recommending 500GB SSDs as a baseline for most systems. Modern games are only getting larger, and SSD prices are falling to the point where 512GB SSDs are often a much better value than their 240GB-odd counterparts. It’s not fun shuffling data on and off a 240GB SSD to make room for that latest triple-A release, so get the largest chunk of solid-state storage for your OS that you can afford.

System drives


Product Price
WD Blue 1TB 7200 RPM $49.99
Samsung 850 EVO 250GB $99.99
Mushkin Reactor 500GB $119.99
Mushkin Reactor 1TB $259.99

Almost any SATA SSD, save for the worst bargain-bin specials, is going to provide snappier system performance than a spinning disk for most tasks. If you need capacity more than speed, we continue to recommend WD’s Blue 1TB drive as the all-rounder for budget boxes. This drive’s fast spindle speed and relatively high capacity for its price make it hard to go wrong if you can only afford one storage device.

Our budget SSD picks store bits and move them around quickly, and that’s all we really want out of drives in this price range. If you’re building a new gaming PC, we think you should skip a 240GB drive and step up to a 480GB or 512GB one instead. Gamers on a tight budget can take a look at the Samsung 850 EVO 250GB for $100. We’d still pick one of the the bigger Mushkin Reactor drives on display, though. They punch way above their price class, as shown in our review. The $120 asking price for the 500GB model in particular is a sweet deal, and $260 for the 1TB version isn’t bad at all, either. The Reactors all use MLC flash, too, which may assuage concerns with their long-term reliability.

Sweet spot

Product Price
Samsung 850 EVO 500GB $182.60
Samsung 850 EVO 1TB $344.99

There’s not much to say about our Sweet Spot picks, and that’s just fine. The Samsung 850 EVO drives have been one of our top choices ever since we reviewed them, and they offer a near-perfect balance of price and performance.

Some of you may wonder why Intel’s 600p drives aren’t in this list. We evaluated that option extensively and decided against it, at least for the time being. For all their NVMe interfaces provides, their seemingly uneven performance in multiple scenarios leaves us wary of giving them a clear stamp of approval. Nobody ever went wrong with an 850 EVO, and that’s what we’re going with for now.

High end

Product Price Notable needs
Samsung 960 EVO 500GB $264.90 M.2 slot or U.2 port
with PCIe 3.0 x4 connectivity
for maximum performance
Samsung 960 EVO 1TB $479.99
Samsung 960 Pro 512GB $329.99
Samsung 960 Pro 1TB $629.99

Moving into the high-end realm of solid-state storage lets us consider the recent takes on blazing-fast PCI Express drives. Samsung’s introduction of the 960 EVO and 960 Pro drives has upended the high-end storage market, to say the least. Where before we were recommending a mix of OCZ RD400s and Samsung’s own 950 Pro drives, we’ve now gone squarely for Samsung’s latest-and-greatest. The 960 EVO models deliver world-class performance with a reasonably affordable price tag, while the 960 Pro is—to put it simply—in a league of its own, overthrowing even the datacenter-derived Intel 750 Series SSD. If you’re going to spend this much money on an SSD, there’s no reason to choose anything but a Samsung 960-series drive.

As we wrote in our review of the 960 EVO, these drives share much of the 960 Pro’s technology. The EVO’s affordable pricing stems from the fact that it couples TLC V-NAND with a proprietary pseudo-SLC caching scheme. This setup, coupled with Samsung’s firmware and controller smarts, lets the 1TB EVO blaze past the Intel 750 1.2TB in our overall SSD performance index.

Meanwhile, the 960 Pro uses Samsung’s 48-layer, 256Gb V-NAND chips and a new, five-core “Polaris” controller to do its thing. These drives also have TCG Opal-compliant 256-bit AES hardware encryption and a 5-year warranty. Their longevity should be outstanding, too—the 2TB version is rated for 1.2 total petabytes written. But the proof is in the pudding, as they say, and the 960 Pro drives are insanely, freakishly fast. If you need further proof, just go read our review.

Bulk storage
SSDs are great for storing your operating system and most-used programs, but they can’t compete with good old spinning rust for density per dollar just yet. If you often work with large media files, operating system images, or anything else that takes up a lot of room, it’s handy to have a mechanical hard drive in your system so you can preserve precious SSD space.

Product Price
WD Blue 3TB $94.99
WD Blue 6TB $176.01
WD Black 5TB (7200 RPM) $219.99

Going by Backblaze’s reliability studies, HGST drives appear to be the most reliable out there by a decent margin. Western Digital drives typically come in second, but the most recent edition of Backblaze’s numbers suggests that Seagate has greatly improved the reliability of its products of late, besting even WD’s record. Our choices still favor Western Digital drives, though, mostly thanks to the company’s aggressive pricing.

Some time back, WD condensed its Green drives into its Blue lineup. The only way to tell which Blue drives are rebranded Greens is to look for a “Z” at the end of the drive’s model number. Since “true Blues”—drives with a 7200-RPM spindle speed—only ever sold in capacities up to a terabyte, expect that most Blue drives you’ll see from here on out are rebranded Greens with a 5400-RPM-ish spindle speed.

WD Red and Red Pro drives are mostly the same thing as Blues, aside from a longer warranty and some RAID-friendly features. We don’t think those two points are worth the extra cost unless you’re building a file server of some kind. HGST Deskstar NAS drives are a good alternative to WD Red Pro drives, too. WD Black drives have a 7200-RPM spindle speed, and they’re tuned for high performance, at least by mechanical storage standards. Black drives are better choices than Blues or Reds for storage-intensive work that may exceed the capacities of reasonably-priced SSDs.

Optical drives
Living without optical storage is easy today, thanks to the ubiquity of high-capacity USB thumb drives and high-speed Internet connections. Some people still like their DVDs and Blu-ray discs, though, and we’re happy to oblige them with a couple options.

Product Price
Asus DRW-24B1ST DVD burner $19.99
LG WH16NS40 Blu-ray burner $58.99

Asus’ DRW-24B1ST DVD burner has been a staple of our System Guides for quite a while. It costs only 20 bucks, reads and burns DVDs and CDs alike, and has a five-star average across more than 5,000 reviews on Newegg. We feel pretty safe recommending it. If you need to play or burn Blu-ray discs, LG’s LGWH16NS40 Blu-ray burner offers higher speeds at a lower price than the Asus BD drive we used to recommend. Can’t argue with that.


Choosing a case is an admittedly subjective endeavor. We’ve listed some of our favorites below, and we recommend them wholeheartedly. That said, we acknowledge that not everybody will like their appearance or layout as much as we do. To be honest, we don’t mind folks following their hearts here, so long as they wind up buying something well-built from a manufacturer with a good reputation.

Buying a cheap, bare-bones case is one way to save a bit of cash, but it’s not a very good way to do it. Quality cases make the system assembly process much more straightforward, thanks to tool-less drive bays, cable-routing amenities, pre-mounted motherboard stand-offs, and well-finished edges that won’t draw blood. Quality cases tend to be quieter and to keep components cooler, as well. There’s a whole world of difference in usability between a crummy $25 enclosure and a decent $50 one.


Product Price Notable needs
Cooler Master N200 $49.99 microATX motherboard
Corsair Carbide Series 200R $54.99
Cooler Master MasterBox 5 $59.99
Fractal Design Define Nano S $59.99 Mini-ITX motherboard

Cooler Master’s N200 is a small and affordable case designed for microATX motherboards. The N200 is quite comfortable to work in, and its $50 price tag won’t break the bank even on a tight budget. Its twin stock fans are a welcome feature in this price range, although they don’t offer an easy positive-pressure configuration like pricier models.

If you’re sticking with an ATX motherboard, we have a couple of options. Corsair’s Carbide Series 200R has been our favorite budget ATX enclosure ever since we reviewed it a while back. The thing is loaded with enthusiast-friendly goodies, from ubiquitous thumbscrews to tool-free bays for optical, mechanical, and solid-state storage. There’s ample room for cable routing, too, and the stock fans are rather quiet.

If you prefer a more modern case with a windowed side panel, Cooler Master’s MasterBox 5 ditches the 5.25″ bays for a more open interior layout that’s a delight to build with. In our recent review, we were so taken with the MasterBox 5 that we awarded it our coveted Editor’s Choice award. This case is available in a stealthy black finish with a mesh front panel or a flashy white finish with a smoked-Plexiglas front panel. You can’t go wrong either way, especially for only $60.

If you’re thinking about going Mini-ITX for the first time, Fractal Design’s Define Nano S makes life with a Mini-ITX motherboard easy. This Editor’s Choice-winning, tower-style case offers a smaller footprint than microATX or ATX mid-towers without sacrificing usability or cooling performance.

Sweet spot

Product Price Notable needs
Fractal Design Define S $79.99
Corsair Carbide Series Air 240 $89.99 microATX motherboard, fan splitter
Fractal Design Define C $89.99 (window)
$87.99 (plain)
Fractal Design Define R5 $109.99
Cooler Master MasterCase Pro 5 $129.99
Corsair Carbide Series 600C $129.55
Corsair Carbide Series Air 740 $149.99
Corsair Obsidian Series 750D $149.99

Fractal Design Define S
Bridging our budget and sweet spot picks is Fractal Design’s Define S, another TR Editor’s Choice award winner. This ATX mid-tower features a completely open main chamber that’s a pleasure to work in, and it’s nearly as quiet in operation as the company’s more expensive Define R5. Builders should take note of its limited room for storage, however. There’s only room for three 3.5″ and two 2.5″ drives, and no provisions at all for optical storage. If this case meets your needs, it’s hard to beat in this price range.

Corsair Carbide Series Air 240
microATX builders should check out the TR Recommended Corsair Carbide Series Air 240, a cuboidal chassis with a dedicated chamber for the power supply, hard drives, and SSDs. Despite its small size, this case is a delight to build in, and its dual-chamber design helps it run cool and quiet. Like the rest of the Corsair cases in this section, the Air 240 also has more intake fans than exhausts. That means positive pressure inside, which should prevent dust from sneaking in through cracks and unfiltered vents. Just consider adding a fan splitter cable to your shopping cart—most smaller motherboards don’t have enough fan headers to manage the Air 240’s trio of stock spinners.

Fractal Design Define C
One of the more recent entries into the case arena is the Fractal Design Define C (for Compact). The folks at Fractal seem to have an uncanny attention to detail and a feel for what makes a chassis practical, quiet, and easy to work in, and TR Editor-in-Chief Jeff Kampman gave the Define C an Editor’s Choice award not too long ago. Your humble writer built a system with this case recently, too. Hard to argue with that.

The Define C has everything you need, and nothing you don’t. It boasts a dual-chamber design, front and bottom dust filters, two really quiet 120-mm stock fans, and about a quintillion openings to allow for any sort of cabling arrangement. Despite its mini-tower dimension, this case can still take in a full-sized ATX mobo and 360-mm radiators. We think the Define C is perfect for the vast majority of systems out there. The only knock against the Define C is that there’s precious little room for PSU cables in the lower chamber, so be sure to get a modular unit that’s not overly long.

Fractal Design Define R5

For builders who want a more roomy ATX mid-tower, we recommend Fractal Design’s Define R5, another winner of our TR Editor’s Choice award. This case doesn’t just look slick and stealthy. It’s also a pleasure to build in, and it has great noise-reduction features. It’s also got plenty of room for 3.5″ storage devices and optical drives. Fractal Design offers the R5 in black (with or without a window), titanium (also windowed or non-windowed), and white (in both fenestrated and non-fenestrated versions, of course).

Cooler Master MasterCase Pro 5
A new contender between the Define R5 and Corsair’s Obsidian 750D is the Cooler Master MasterCase Pro 5. This TR Recommended case is built with a highly modular interior that can be endlessly reconfigured to suit the needs of almost any conceivable system. Its heavy-duty steel construction and stealthy looks help put it a cut above other cases, too.

Corsair Carbide Series 600C
Another new entrant to our sweet-spot recommendations is the TR Recommended Corsair Carbide Series 600C. This case features an unusual “inverse ATX” design that puts the motherboard on the left side of the case and the power supply on top. With the right fan control options, the 600C kept our test system cool and whisper-quiet. It’s quite the looker, too. If you want the 600C’s sharp-looking side-panel window without the upside-down-ness, the Carbide Series 400C offers many of the same styling cues in a smaller, more traditional package. Corsair also offers quiet versions of these cases in the Carbide Series 600Q and Carbide Series 400Q. Those cases feature solid side panels with noise-dampening material throughout.

Corsair Carbide Series Air 740
This case is a bit of an odd duck. Thankfully, it’s also the tasty variant of duck. The Corsair Carbide Series Air 740 takes up a sizable chunk of floor or desk space and could even serve as an impromptu stool. This beastly case has a two-chamber design with a vertical spacer, instead of the standard horizontal division. That means that there’s a cavernous chamber behind the motherboard where a power supply goes in mounted on its “side,” along with both SSD and HDD drive cages, and enough room to unravel a spool’s worth of wiring. We have the case a TR Recommended award when we reviewed it.

Those characteristics make it amazingly easy to place a system in the Air 740, and its generous space in every section lets cooling enthusiasts place just about any number of reservoirs, fans, and radiators in it. The $150 price tag is a little dear, so we advise this chassis for those whose build needs go beyond the basics. If if you have a meaty system with above-average cooling needs, though, this is the case for you.

Corsair Obsidian Series 750D
If you need an ATX full-tower and all the space that label implies, Corsair’s Obsidian Series 750D remains the luxury sedan of PC enclosures. This case is similar in design to the company’s Obsidian 350D and 450D, but Corsair makes it big enough to accommodate E-ATX motherboards. The 750D is an extremely spacious case that’s an absolute delight to work in. It’s pretty darn quiet, too.

High end

Product Price Notable needs
Cooler Master MasterCase Maker 5 $169.99
Cooler Master Cosmos II $329.99 A forklift

Cooler Master MasterCase Maker 5
For those that want a little more from their case, Cooler Master offers the MasterCase Maker 5. This model offers solid front and top panels, a built-in fan controller, a front-panel USB-C port, and a built-in lighting controller that comes with a magnetic red LED strip plugged in. We think it’s well worth its $175 price tag, though throughout some informal testing, we discovered that the top and front panel mounts may have compatibility issues with certain types of all-in-one liquid coolers. If you’re going the liquid-cooling route with this case, be sure to double-check your measurements accordingly.

Cooler Master Cosmos II
At roughly 14″ x 28″ x 26″, the Cooler Master Cosmos II is humongous. At around $330, it’s also quite expensive. This thing is unarguably impressive, though, with even roomier innards than the 750D and all kinds of premium features, including gull-wing doors, sliding metal covers, and a compartmentalized internal layout. We didn’t give it an Editor’s Choice award by accident. Despite its age, the Cosmos II still offers a feature set that’s hard to find anywhere else.

Power supplies
Buying a good power supply for your new PC is a must. Cheap PSUs can cause all kinds of problems, from poor stability to premature component failures. Also, many cheap units deceive with inflated wattage ratings. For example, a “500W” bargain-bin PSU might get half of its rating from the 5V rail, which is relatively unimportant, leaving only 250W for the 12V rail, which supplies power-hungry components like the CPU and GPU. In contrast, quality PSUs derive most of their wattage ratings from the capacity of their 12V rails. That means an el-cheapo 500W unit could be less powerful in practice than a quality 350W PSU.

The power supplies we’ve singled out below are quality units from trustworthy manufacturers who offer at least three years of warranty coverage. Past editions of the System Guide have featured modular PSUs exclusively, but we’ve changed our thinking on that topic, at least at the budget level. Although modular cabling certainly helps to keep the inside of a PC less cluttered, the benefits are largely cosmetic. Folks without windowed cases may not need modular cables, and others may not be able to afford the perk.

At the same wattage, higher-quality PSUs with non-modular cables can often be had for only a little more money than lower-quality alternatives. While modular cabling is still a consideration, we’ve included some non-modular recommendations that trade convenience for better internal components and longer warranties.

We also tried to find PSUs with 80 Plus Bronze or better certification. 80 Plus Bronze guarantees efficiency of 82-85%, depending on the load. The higher a PSU’s efficiency, the less energy it turns into heat while converting AC to DC power, and the easier it is to cool quietly. 80 Plus Bronze, Silver, or Gold units tend to have large, slow-spinning fans that are barely audible during normal use. They’ll save you a bit of money on your power bill over the long run, too.


Product Price Notes
Seasonic S12II 430B $41.99 Non-modular, one 6+2-pin PCIe power connector,
one six-pin PCIe power connector
Corsair CX450M $49.99 Semi-modular, two 8-pin PCIe power connectors

For entry-level systems, we’re recommending Seasonic S12II 430B this time around. This 80 Plus Bronze unit has a 120-mm fan and a five-year warranty. It offers one six-pin and one eight-pin PCIe power connector. Entry-level and midrange graphics cards often need just one auxiliary connection from the PSU these days, so the S12II 430B should be more than enough PSU for budget boxes. Seasonic covers the S12II 430B with a five-year warranty, too. If this unit’s price hops up, Corsair’s CX430 remains a good alternative.

If you’d rather have an affordable modular PSU, you can’t really go wrong with in favor of a new model, the CX450M. Corsair tells us this refreshed CX450M, along with its 550W and 650W brethren, uses DC-to-DC conversion on its +3.3V and +5V rails to attain compatibility with Haswell CPUs’ low-power sleep states.

Sweet spot

Product Price Notes
Seasonic SSR-550RM $69.99 Semi-modular, two 6+2-pin PCIe connectors
EVGA Supernova G2 750W $99.99 Fully modular
four 6+2-pin PCIe connectors,
semi-silent mode
Corsair RM850X $129.99 Fully modular, single 12V rail,
six 6+2-pin PCIe connectors, 10 SATA connectors,
semi-silent mode

PSUs aspiring to the Sweet Spot need to do more than the basics. We demand semi-modular cabling here at the bare minimum. 80 Plus Gold efficiency ratings should ideally be on the table, as well, along with semi-silent fans that spin down completely under lighter loads.

For systems that need more oompth than the units in our budget range, we’ll start with the Seasonic SSR-550RM. The company’s units are well-regarded overall. They’ve long offered excellent build quality in affordable packages. This model has an 80 Plus Gold rating and semi-modular cabling. At $70, it’s a pretty good deal.

Prices for PSUs tend to float up and down a lot, sometimes multiple times a week. Right now, there are a lot of options in the $70 to $100 range, so we’re jumping from 550W to 750W, since there are good deals to be found on the bigger units.

If you need even more power for lots of hard drives or basic multi-GPU configurations, EVGA’s Supernova G2 750W fits the bill. According to the reviewers at JonnyGuru, the Supernova G2’s power delivery is practically perfect. EVGA is so confident in the Supernova G2 that it backs the PSU with a 10-year warranty if users register with the company, but beware: without registration, the warranty coverage is only three years.

On the upper end of the Sweet Spot, we have the Corsair RM850X, a new entrant in our Guides. Our recent personal experiences with Corsair’s RM range has left us with nothing but good impressions, and what’s good for us is good for you folks too. The RM850X is a beast of a PSU with an enormous, quiet fan, and should be able to handle anything you care to throw at it—even dual-card setups. We’ve even run a Core i7-6950X and three GTX 1080s at full tilt off one of these with nary a peep or complaint. If you’re looking for a powerful unit that won’t break the bank, this is it. Corsair offers 10-year warranty coverage on the RM850X, too.

High end

Product Price Notes
Corsair RM850i $144.99 Fully modular,
six 6+2-pin PCIe connectors, 10 SATA connectors,
semi-silent mode, C-Link monitoring
EVGA Supernova P2 850W $149.99 Fully modular,
four 6+2-pin & two 6-pin PCIe connectors,
10 SATA connectors, semi-silent mode

Corsair continues its resurgence in our Guides with the RM850i. This unit is similar to the RM850x model above, but has a neat trick up its sleeve: a USB port for Corsair Link that allows for integration with Corsair’s control software. Link lets the user monitor and adjust their PSU’s fan speed and rail assignments. If you’re the kind of user that likes to tinker with everything, the RM850i is just what the doctor ordered.

The prices on 80 Plus Platinum PSUs have come out of the stratosphere now, too. Given that development, we’re recommending EVGA’s Supernova P2 850W PSU as another foundation for the most power-hungry systems builders might want to put together. This highly-efficient PSU offers semi-silent operation and more than enough power cables to run multiple graphics cards. Should the Supernova P2 go up in price, the similarly-excellent EVGA Supernova G2 850W is still a solid buy, too.


Need a fancy CPU cooler or a sound card? You’ve come to the right place. This is where we talk about components that, while not always strictly necessary, can improve a build in very real ways.

CPU coolers
Since Intel’s Core i5-7600K and Core i7-7700K don’t ship with stock coolers, you’ll want to pick one from our selections below. Broadwell-E builders will need to pick out a cooler, as well. Be careful to note your case’s maximum CPU cooler height before buying a large tower cooler or a beefy radiator, as these huge heatsinks need a lot of space.

We’ve turned to large tower-style air coolers for the majority of our recommendations. In the past, we shied away from these coolers because of potential compatibility and clearance issues. Companies like be quiet!, Cryorig, Phanteks, and Noctua have all made living with these enormous coolers easier, though, and these modern heatsinks can often dissipate the heat of a heavily-overclocked CPU without any more noise than a closed-loop liquid cooler. Even better, they dispense with the noise of a liquid-cooling pump at idle, potentially making for a quieter system overall.

Product Price Type Notable needs
Cooler Master Hyper 212 EVO $34.99 Tower-style air cooler Case with 6.3″ (159 mm) of heatsink clearance
Phanteks PH-TC12DX $49.99 Case with 6.2″ (157 mm) of heatsink clearance
Cooler Master Hyper D92 $39.49 Case with 5.6″ (142 mm) of heatsink clearance
Noctua NH-D15S $79.95 Case with 6.5″ (165 mm) of heatsink clearance
Corsair H60 $59.99 Closed-loop liquid cooler Case with a 120-mm radiator mount
Cooler Master MasterLiquid Pro 120 & Pro 140

$96.09 (120mm)
$104.99 (140mm)

Case with a 120-mm (or 140-mm) radiator mount;
clearance for push-pull radiator-fan stack
Corsair H105 $103.99 Case with a 240-mm radiator mount
Corsair H115i $124.99 Case with a 280-mm radiator mount
Cooler Master MasterLiquid Pro 240 & Pro 280

$111.99 (240mm)
$139.99 (280 mm)

Case with a 240-mm (or 280-mm) radiator mount

As far as entry-level coolers go, it doesn’t get much better than Cooler Master’s Hyper 212 EVO. This classic cooler is a very popular choice among builders, boasting over 6,000 five-star reviews at Newegg. We’ve also reviewed Cooler Master’s MasterAir Pro 3 and Pro 4 heatsinks, which the company is pitching as evolutions of its Hyper D92 and 212 EVO designs. Both offerings received TR Recommended awards thanks to their combination of affordable pricing and cooling performance, and we think you should consider them as modern options to Cooler Master’s classics.

A more effective option for those looking to overclock might be Phanteks’ PH-TC12DX, which comes with twin fans. The reviewers at TechPowerUp found that the TC12DX has substantial cooling power for its size—it held an overclocked Sandy Bridge-E chip to just 65° C under a Prime95 load. It also tops out at just 47 dBA with its fans spinning at maximum speed. Those are quite respectable numbers for this cooler’s $50 price tag.

For cases that can’t swallow the Hyper 212 EVO or the PH-TC12DX, consider the Cooler Master Hyper D92. It’s much quieter under load than the boxed heatsink that ships with Intel CPUs, and its 5.5″ (140 mm) height works well with many microATX and some Mini-ITX cases.

We’ve discovered that the stock cooler Intel ships with many of its CPUs these days has a rather narrow PWM range, making it unreasonably loud at idle. If you’re building with a modest CPU like the Core i3-6100 or the Core i5-6500 and you care about noise, it might be worth dropping $20 or so on a basic mini-tower heatsink like Cryorig’s M9i or be quiet!’s Pure Rock Slim. These coolers should be a nice upgrade over the Intel stock unit.

Noctua’s NH-D15S

The high-end tower cooler market is crowded with excellent options. If you’re going to drop more than twice the price of a Hyper 212 EVO on a cooler, we think Noctua’s NH-D15S is an excellent choice. This cooler is packed with clever design choices that make it easier to live with than the average hulking tower heatsink. Its offset heat pipes and cut-outs at the base of its cooling towers mean it shouldn’t run into large memory heatsinks or expansion cards in the first slot of most motherboards. Its single 140-mm fan is nestled between its towers for more clearance, too.

I’ve recently added one of these Noctuas to my main system, and let me tell you, it’s probably the best money I spent last year. There’s insane attention to detail all around, making for an easy installation and excellent cooling perfomance. It’s stupid quiet, too, and that’s all while keeping an overclocked Core i7-6700K in check.

Big tower coolers can’t fit into every enclosure, though, and for extreme small-form-factor builds, liquid coolers like Corsair’s H60, H80i GT, or H105 may be in order. Just be prepared to replace the relatively rough-sounding fans Corsair includes with a premium high-static-pressure spinner or two. Noctua’s NF-F12 appears to be a favorite for that purpose.

Cooler Master MasterLiquid Pro 240

If you’d rather not spend extra on high-quality fans, our experiences with Cooler Master’s new MasterLiquid Pro coolers have been quite positive. The pumps on these coolers are very nearly silent at idle, and their fans are quite pleasant in use. The MasterLiquid Pro 120 and Pro 140 are push-pull coolers, while the Pro 240 uses a slimmer 240-mm radiator. If you want to go really big and your case has a 280-mm mounting spot, then the MasterLiquid Pro 280 should offer particularly good heat dissipation with a minimum of noise.

For the absolute best-performing CPU-cooling solution out there, Corsair’s 280-mm coolers are about the best one can get before going with a custom loop. The H115i is typical of the breed, and we’ve found it plenty capable for taking even the demanding Core i7-7700K to its limits. Corsair’s included fans emphasize performance over politeness, though, so the noise-sensitive may need to factor in a pair of aftermarket 140-mm fans for the best results.

Sound cards
A lot of folks are perfectly content with their motherboard’s integrated audio these days. However, each time we conduct blind listening tests, even low-end discrete sound cards wind up sounding noticeably better than integrated audio. That’s with a pair of lowly Sennheiser HD 555 headphones, too, not some kind of insane audiophile setup. If you’re using halfway-decent analog headphones or speakers, a sound card is a worthwhile purchase. Like a good monitor, a good sound card can follow you from build to build, too. Our Editor-in-Chief is still jamming out with a PCI Asus Xonar DG from the better part of a decade ago.

It’s fine to stick with motherboard audio if you use digital speakers or USB headphones, since those handle the analog-to-digital conversion themselves. That said, even with digital speakers, the sound cards we recommend below will do things that typical onboard audio can’t, like surround sound virtualization and real-time Dolby multi-channel encoding.

Product Price
Asus Xonar DSX $53.99
Asus Xonar DX $98.99

The Xonar DSX and Xonar DX can both drive analog headphones or 7.1-channel speaker setups (either analog or digital). In our blind listening tests performed with analog headphones, these two cards sounded very similar. The DSX is the more affordable of the two, but the DX gets you Dolby Headphone virtualization in exchange for a small price premium.


Sample builds
By now, you should have the info you need to configure your own build based on your needs. If you’d rather just grab a complete shopping list and buy stuff, though, we’re more than happy to help. Here are a few parts lists that span a range of budget options. As always, these builds are just suggestions. Feel free to swap parts around as needed to fit your budget and performance needs.

The Budget Box

  Component Price
Processor Intel Pentium G4620 $92.99
Cooler Intel stock cooler
Motherboard MSI B250 Pro-VD $65.99
Memory G. Skill Aegis 8GB (2x4GB) DDR4-2400 $58.99
Graphics Gigabyte GeForce GTX 1050 Ti $149.99
Storage WD Blue 1TB (7200 RPM) $49.99
Enclosure Cooler Master N200 $49.99
PSU Seasonic S12II 430B $41.99
Total   $509.93

Our Budget Box proves that even if you don’t have an enormous amount of cash to burn, you can still get yourself PC that’s eminently capable of playing most games at 1920×1080 with many graphics options turned up. The Intel Pentium G4620 offers plenty of general-purpose processing power for a mere $93, and the Gigabyte GTX 1050 Ti graphics card we’ve chosen offers way more graphics horsepower than you’d expect for only $145, too. The combination is rounded out by the solid Cooler Master N200 case and a Seasonic S12II 430B power supply, which has a 5-year warranty.

In case the 1TB hard drive in this build feels a little too pokey for your tastes, you can always switch the hard drive for a Samsung 850 EVO 250GB for $100, or a in a Mushkin Reactor 500GB SSD for $120. Really, this is one of the best budget builds we’ve ever had the pleasure of working up.

The Sweet Spot

  Component Price
Processor Intel Core i5-7500 $204.99
Cooler Cooler Master Hyper 212 EVO $34.99
Motherboard MSI Z270 PC Mate $124.99
Memory G.Skill Ripjaws V 16GB (2x8GB) DDR4-3200 $104.99
Graphics Gigabyte GTX 1060 6GB Windforce OC $254.99
Storage Mushkin Reactor 500GB $119.99
WD Blue 1TB (7200 RPM) $49.99
Enclosure Fractal Design Define S $79.99
PSU Seasonic SSR-550RM $69.99
Total   $1044.91

The Sweet Spot steps us up to a quad-core Kaby Lake CPU and MSI’s fully-featured Z270 PC Mate motherboard. Gigabyte’s GeForce GTX 1060 6GB Windforce OC blends Pascal performance with quiet operation and a spankin’ 1771 MHz boost clock. If you have an Oculus Rift or HTC Vive on the brain, the Pascal architecture’s VR-specific features should be an advantage as soon as game engines are updated to employ them, too.

Pair that cool-running graphics card with a large SSD, a 1TB hard drive for bulk storage, Fractal Design’s whisper-quiet Define S case, and an efficient 80 Plus Gold PSU, and you have a real winner for just north of a grand.

The Sweeter Spot

  Component Price
Processor Intel Core i5-7600K $239.99
Cooler Phanteks PH-TC12DX $49.99
Motherboard Asus ROG Strix Z270E Gaming $199.99
Memory G.Skill Ripjaws V 16GB (2x8GB) DDR4-3200 $104.99
Graphics Gigabyte GTX 1070 G1 Gaming $394.99
Storage Samsung 850 EVO 1TB $344.99
WD Blue 4TB 5400 RPM $127.99
Enclosure Fractal Design Define R5 $109.99
PSU Seasonic SSR-550RM $79.99
Total   $1,652.91

Here’s a sweet little machine that shows just how much gaming bang-for-the-buck one can get these days. Intel’s speedy Core i5-7600K CPU should be a good companion for the GeForce GTX 1070, a graphics card that delivers as much performance as a GeForce GTX 980 Ti did for far less money. That’s insane value. Some of the money we save this way can be funneled into Samsung’s speedy 850 EVO 1TB SSD, and a 4TB hard drive provides plenty of bulk storage space, as well. This is the kind of build that makes us excited to be PC enthusiasts.

The Grand Experiment

  Component Price
Processor Intel Core i7-7700K $349.99
Cooler Noctua NH-D15S $79.99
Motherboard Gigabyte GA-Z270X-UD5 $199.99
Memory G.Skill Ripjaws V 32GB (2x16GB) DDR4-3200 $194.99
Graphics Gigabyte GTX 1080 G1 Gaming $609.99
Storage Samsung 850 EVO 1TB $344.99
WD Red 4TB 5400 RPM $127.99
Enclosure Cooler Master MasterCase Pro 5 $129.99
PSU EVGA Supernova G2 750W $99.99
Total   $2,009.92

This system is our take on the biggest, baddest Kaby Lake-powered PC around. Intel’s Core i7-7700K CPU gives us four cores and eight threads of processing power. Noctua’s beefy NH-D15S should let builders overclock the Core i7-7700K comfortably, while Gigabyte’s GTX 1080 G1 Gaming graphics card stands ready to power through 4K gaming or VR titles. A 1TB SSD should swallow most gamers’ entire Steam libraries and regular programs, and 4TB of mechanical storage offers media buffs plenty of room to store pics and flicks without cutting into that valuable NAND.

High-end build: The Broadwell-E Brawler

  Component Price
Processor Core i7-6850K $609.99
Cooler Noctua NH-D15S $79.99
Motherboard Gigabyte GA-X99P-SLI $249.99
Memory G.Skill TridentZ 64GB (4x16GB) DDR4-3200 $494.99
Graphics Gigabyte GeForce GTX 1080 Xtreme Gaming $669.99
Storage Samsung 960 EVO 1TB $479.99
HGST Deskstar NAS 6TB $239.99
HGST Deskstar NAS 6TB $239.99
LG WH16NS40 Blu-ray burner $49.99
Sound card Asus Xonar DX $91.18
Enclosure Cooler Master MasterCase Maker 5 $169.99
PSU Corsair RM850i $149.99
Total   $3,526.07

This is where we go more than a little overboard. If you need even more cores and threads than our Grand Experiment offers, our highest-end build offers enough CPU and graphics power to take on just about any task, gaming or otherwise. Our Core i7-6850K CPU and Gigabyte GA-X99P SLI motherboard unlock the full potential of the X99 platform, and our mobo also offers an Intel-powered Thunderbolt 3 port.

We’ve also slapped a whole 64GB of fast RAM into this system, since the price-to-capacity curve is now favorable enough to let us. Samsung’s 960 EVO 1TB is now complemented by a pair of big honkin’ HGST Deskstar NAS 6TB drives, which can be used as a mirrored pair (because redundancy is always a good thing) or as a straight-up 12TB chunk of storage. Your call. Those HGST drives are fast, but some will prefer quieter options, even if speed takes a bit of a hit. For that situation, we suggest the Western Digital Red 6TB spinners as alternatives at roughly the same price. They’re quiet and still more than fast enough for most needs.

Noctua’s hefty NH-D15S tower cooler, Cooler Master’s excellent MasterCase Maker 5, a Corsair RM850i power supply, and the eerily-silent Gigabyte GeForce GTX 1080 Xtreme Gaming graphics card top off this beastly build. As an added bonus, this particular GTX 1080 comes with a front-panel output block that’s handy for VR setups. Whatever you want to throw at this system, it’s ready for the job.


The operating system
If you’re building a gaming PC and need an operating system for it, we think you’ll be happiest with Windows. Windows 10 is here, and all of the TR staff has upgraded to Microsoft’s latest OS. If you skipped Windows 8.1 because of its mish-mash of touch and desktop design principles, we think you’ll appreciate Windows 10.

 Win10’s reworked UI combines the best of Windows 7 and Windows 8.1. The Start menu returns, along with new features like Microsoft’s Cortana digital assistant, virtual desktops, and an overhauled browser called Edge. None of these changes are earth-shattering, but the overall package is polished and stable. There’s no reason to choose the long-in-the-tooth Windows 7 or the muddled Windows 8.1 any longer, especially if you want to take advantage of the DirectX 12 API. Both Intel and AMD only plan to fully support their latest CPUs under Windows 10, too. If you have a new build in the works, you really ought to pair it with a Win10 key.

Windows 10 comes in a wide range of versions, but most builders reading this should choose the retail version of Windows 10 Home, which comes on a USB drive with both 32-bit and 64-bit versions for $120. Due to a change in licensing terms, it’s no longer kosher to purchase an OEM copy of Windows for your own PC to save a few bucks, and the retail version of Windows comes with a couple of perks like license transfer rights that the OEM version doesn’t. If you suspect that you might need some of the features in Windows 10 Pro, you should check out Microsoft’s comparison page for confirmation and purchase accordingly.

What’s next
Unless you’ve somehow been out of the loop this past couple of months, you’re doubtless aware that AMD’s Ryzen CPUs are set to hit stores by the end of the first quarter of this year. The rumor mill has been constantly abuzz about these new CPUs, an understandable situation in light of the fact that it’s been a long time since AMD’s processor offerings have been competitive with Intel’s. AMD’s performance teasers suggest Ryzen CPUs will perform about on par with Intel’s Broadwell-E silicon clock-for-clock, so we’re cautiously optimistic about these chips’ prospects.

If you’ve been keeping track of upcoming releases, you already know about AMD’s Vega GPU architecture, too. While we’ve gotten impressive hands-on time with early Vega cards, the fact that AMD is targeting a first-half-of-2017 release for Vega products means they really shouldn’t factor into any buying decisions right now. Since Polaris-based cards are duking it out just fine with Nvidia’s GTX 1050 and GTX 1060 offerings on the lower end of the market, we’d wager AMD will be trying to match or best the GTX 1070 and GTX 1080 with its next high-end parts.

At the highest end of the graphics card market, there’s a constant murmur that Nvidia is working on a GeForce GTX 1080 Ti. That said, the company didn’t show any signs it had such a card ready to go at CES, and even the rumor mill has been pretty quiet about it of late. The card may not exist at all, or Nvidia may be simply biding its time until AMD releases its Vega cards later this year. Regardless, the GTX 1080 Ti’s potential existence hasn’t really played a part in our recommendations until now, and it looks like it won’t for a while.

With that, we wrap up this edition of the System Guide. If one of our parts picks helped you solve a head-scratcher, or you’re cribbing one of our sample builds for your own use, please become a TR subscriber if you haven’t already. Be sure to purchase any of our picks using the links to Newegg throughout this guide, too. Your support helps us to continue the in-depth research and reviews that make guides like this one possible. Have fun building your new system—we’re sure it’ll turn out great.

Bruno Ferreira

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